How to play repeated notes in Romantic and modern organ music? Many people don't pay attention to that and simply play them as they want. It turns out that in organ playing, repeated notes require careful calculation because in larger acoustics and in music with many voices in general, the sound tend to loose clarity and mix with other voices very easily.
The standard system that is being used today was largely promoted by the Frenchman Marcel Dupre's organ playing method. It says you have to shorten the notes by the unit value. A unit value he called the most commonly seen rhythmical value in the piece.
Today's sight-reading piece is Prelude in D Minor by Fortunat Pintarić (1798-1867), a Croatian organist and composer. Right from the start (system 1) you can see the repeated notes in the left and in the right hand parts.
In order to find out the exact length of the repeated notes, we have to seek out the unit value. It seems like it is an eighth note. So when you shorten the quarter notes in the first system, play an eighth note and make an eighth note rest. When the repeated note is the same as the unit value, shorten it by a half.
Here's the score for playing. Although the tempo is Maestoso (solemnly), for practice purposes, play rather slow - as slow as it is comfortable. If you can't sight-read all parts together accurately, play separate parts. Since this is a piece in Romantic style, every note should be played legato (except when notated otherwise and except for repeated notes, obviously).
PS A common objection to these sight-reading exercises from organists is this: for some people they are too difficult, for some - too easy. That's not a problem - it's a scale issue. We don't need to change exercises, we can change the scaling:
For beginners: play separate parts
For intermediates: play two part combinations
For advanced: play everything together
For experts: transpose the piece to one or more keys
For everybody: increase or decrease the tempo to match your skill level
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Although the golden age of organ music could be considered the Baroque period, this type of composition also blossomed in later times. In the 20th century, modern composers wrote pieces which were dissonant in their harmonic language, employing complex rhythms and sophisticated melodic lines. Such music, though being very popular among the advanced organists, generally are too complicated for amateurs, beginner organists, or for organists with limited technical abilities. Therefore, such organists are in constant need to identify the easy collections of modern organ music with a high artistic level. In this article, I will share with you the list of 5 collections of 20th century organ music, which you can use for your practice, service playing or recitals.
1) 79 Organ Chorales, Op. 28 by Marcel Dupre. One of the most famous organists of the 20th century, the French composer Marcel Dupre intended this collection to be an introduction to the organ chorale preludes of Bach. They are fully edited by the composer, with complete fingering, pedaling, registration, articulation, and phrasing. Dupre also provides a very systematic way of learning and memorizing these short pieces. The harmonic language of these works is not dissonant but in the style of common practice period.
2) 24 Pieces for Organ or Harmonium (1933-39) by Jean Langlais. One of the most prolific French composers, the blind organist Jean Langlais wrote this collection with the intend to be performed on the organ or harmonium. Therefore, these pieces will sound equally well on the organ with or without pedals. Langlais musical style is highly modal and very colorful. In this collection you will find preludes, fugues, chorales, scherzos, and other character pieces and as well as a very easy toccata.
3) Organ Book (1956) by Jean Langlais. This collection contains 10 pieces: Prlude, Pastoral song, Choral in E minor, Flutes, Musette, Choral in F major, Scherzando, Andantino, Epithalamium, and Pasticcio. In every piece you will find the notorious sign of Langlais musical style - the use of modal system.
4) 12 Small Pieces for Organ or Harmonium (1962) by Jean Langlais. The 10 short pieces in this collection are composed in 8 church modes and 2 are written in a medieval style. They can be performed on organs with or without pedals equally well. The music shows how modern can sound a piece even if it has no key signatures at all. Perfect for creative service playing.
5) Organ Book (Parts I-III) by Ned Rorem. Ned Rorem is a famous American contemporary composer and Pulitzer Prize winner (in 1976 for his orchestral suite "Air Music"). He has been called by Time magazine "the world's best composer of art songs." He has championed tonality throughout his career in his lyrical yet forthright music.
Rorem's Organ Book contains 16 pieces which are all accessible to organists with limited technical capabilities. Part I: Fantasy, Episode, Song, Serenade, and Reveill. Part II: Rex Tremendae, Magnificat, Pie Jesu, Stabat Mataer, "Eli, Eli lama sabachthani?", and In nominae Domine. Part III: Fanfare, Fugue, Impromptu, Passacaglia, and Rondo.
If you like modal and tonal writing and mild dissonances, you will likely enjoy these collections. Each of them is easy enough to learn if you have only modest organ skills. In fact, they will serve as a great introduction to the larger pieces of the above composers and to the 20th century musical style in general.
By the way, do you want to learn to play the King of Instruments - the pipe organ? If so, download my FREE video guide: "How to Master Any Organ Composition" in which I will show you my EXACT steps, techniques, and methods that I use to practice, learn and master any piece of organ music.
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Drs. Vidas Pinkevicius and Ausra Motuzaite-Pinkeviciene
Organists of Vilnius University , creators of Secrets of Organ Playing.
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