Today I would like to share with you this interesting transposition exercise from F major (1 flat) to B major (5 sharps). This is a very distant key (transposition by augmented 4th upward). For your convenience I have written in scales and scale degrees of both keys above the notes.
This exercise is based on the soprano and the bass parts of the hymn setting on "When All Thy Mercies, O My God". Here is the PDF file for printing and the MIDI file for listening.
After you play this exercise, you can transpose it to any other major key, if you want. You just have to figure out from the circle of fifths how many sharps or flats it will have and keep in mind these scale degrees you see above the notes.
Of course, this could be done in writing and/or playing.